Indian residents that bite: 8 most poisonous and perhaps deadliest snakes to watch out for!
2015-01-16 13:48:30 | Pavan Dubey
With blogs screaming ideally about “World’s Deadliest Snake,” Rawread attempted to popularize some domestic superstars. Mind you, when it comes to envenoming to death, some of these local stingers are badly renowned across the globe. Snakes or commonly referred to as ‘Naag devata’ acquire a significant position in Indian rituals, right? Then how come fear gets attached to this devotion? Well, we guess it’s the FANGS, SQUEAMISH BODY, and that nasty FLICKERING TONGUE designed for smelling, instead of talking. Estimated by researchers, across the globe out of 15% of venomous population 6% of them had made Indian subcontinent as their ideal place for hangouts. It has been evaluated that nearly 18000 – 20000 fatalities are caused by these notorious reptiles. Though the figures have been declining, 15% of these deaths are caused by lack of medical supply, followed by amateur snake handlers and superstitions. Trying to confront them in hope to make a kill is also included. So when under radar, grab your a** and run like hell. Given below are pure facts and no bullshits. Skim through them and get known to be an expert, Beware toxic countdown begins: 8] Humped Nose Pitviper Binomial name: Merrem or Hypnale Hypnale Nature: Lethargic, moderately venomous. Size: 1.4ft average Venom type: Hemotoxic Resident of: Western Ghats, Kerala, Karnataka Approximate fatality score: 3/10 Relatives: Gloyd's Hump-nosed Viper, Wall's Hump-nosed Viper 7] Bamboo Pitviper: Binomial Name: Trimersurus Gramineus Nature: Calm, shy and non-offensive. Size: 2.29 - 3.7ft Venom type: Hemotoxic Resident of: Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Goa, Kerela, M.P, Telangana. Approximate fatality score: 4.5/10 Relatives: White-lipped pitviper, Cantor's pitviper, Nicobar bamboo pitviper, Brown spotted pitviper, Stejneger's bamboo pitviper. 6] King Cobra: Binomial Name: Ophiophagus Hannah Nature: Shy and avoids human, but fiercely aggressive when threatened. Size: 13 - 18.5ft (World’s largest venomous snake) Venom: Extremely Neurotoxic Venom Quantity: 350-500mg per bite Resident of: An endangered species, found in West Bengal, Assam, Kerala, Karnataka. Approximate fatality score: 6/10 Relatives: Hunts alone. 5] Banded Krait: Binomial Name: Bungarus Fasciatus Nature: Mild temperament and usually is a night crawler. Size: 5.11 – 7.5ft Venom: Extremely Neurotoxic Venom Quantity: 20-114mg per bite (enough to kill dozens of grown up men) Resident of: Assam, Tripura, Bangladesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Orissa, Tamilnadu, and West Bengal. Approximate fatality: 5/10 Relatives: Indian krait, Lesser black krait, Sind krait, South Andaman krait.4] Saw Scaled Viper: Binomial Name: Echis carinatus Nature: Ill-tempered, extremely aggressive, small but strikes with a lightning speed. Member of BIG FOUR deadliest snakes in India. Size: 2.6ft avg. Venom: Extremely Hemotoxic Venom Quantity: 12-14mg to 40-45mg per bite (with 5mg being a lethal dose for adults) Death Time: 2hrs to 3days Resident of: Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamilnadu, West Bengal, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra. Approximate fatality score: 7/10 Relatives: Viper family (Russells, Levantine) 3] Russells Viper Binomial Name: Cerastes cerastes or Daboia Russelii Nature: Short-tempered, irritable, extremely aggressive followed by hissing that sounds like a pressure cooker, delivers bite with impeccable and lightning speed that causes an intolerable wound. Member of BIG FOUR. Size: 3.3 – 6ft long Venom: Extremely Hemotoxic Venom Quantity: 150-200mg per bite (with 50mg being a lethal dose for adults) Death Time: 30mins to 1hr Resident of: Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamilnadu, West Bengal, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Delhi, Goa, Punjab and almost in every state of India except J&K. Approximate fatality score: 8.5/10 Relatives: Viper family 2] Indian Cobra: Binomial Name: Naja Naja Nature: Member of BIG FOUR. Avoids confronting humans but a single bite is capable to kill 4 adult elephants. Moderately venomous that act instantly. Size: 6ft avg. Venom: Extremely Neurotoxic Venom Quantity: 169-250mg per bite (with 20mg being a lethal dose for grown up men) Death Time: 5mins to 1.5hr Resident of: Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamilnadu, West Bengal, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Delhi, Goa, Punjab and almost in every state except Northern and North-eastern. Approximate fatality score: 9/10 Relatives: Monocled cobra, Andaman cobra, Central Asian cobra. 1] Common Krait: Binomial Name: Bungarus caeruleus Nature: Member of BIG FOUR. Its venom is 15times more toxic than Indian Cobra. Usually it’s not that aggressive but stings with precision when aroused. Size: 3.9 – 5.4ft. Venom: Extremely Neurotoxic. Venom Quantity: 10mg-20mg per bite (with 1mg being a lethal dose for grown up men) Death Time: 30mins to 1.5hr Resident of: All over India except J&K, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh. Approximate fatality score: 10/10 Reason is the unnoticeable bite that leaves no mark, pain or any peculiar symptoms for a prolonged period. Relatives: It doesn’t care, because similar to King Cobra it enjoys dinning on other snakes. And there we are, top 8 notorious crawlers on Indian land. With that being said there are certain myths that Rawread would love to debunk: 1] Snakes do not drink milk, unless for straight 30-45 days you starve them to death and deprive them of water. 2] They don’t possess any kind of “Naag Mani” so forget what you see in movies and daily soaps. 3] Snakes are really sluggish when it comes to revenge. They will hunt you down only if you’re a potential mate or nutrition rich food. Again movies I tell you...! 4] Snakes don’t have ears or not any other organs that can replicate the function of ear. They can feel sound in form of vibration through their skin and tongue that wags out every second. To a snake charmer, they just respond to the movement of flute ‘Pungi or bin’. That’s all for venomous snakes, do let us know if we missed out someone.