With the onset of the silver screen, began the era that changed the face of India. From silent motion pictures to animated movies, from black white slow movies to the fast pace coloured movies, India has travelled a long way. Today Bollywood is the most prospering movie hub with quality cinema after Hollywood. Indian cinema portrayed the real face of the society. It became a mirror to view the society’s authenticity. Movies in Bollywood are many but only a few classic movies left a deep mark on the society and on the people retelling the stories of veracity.
1. Raja Harishchandra- The foundation stone of Indian cinema, this movie was a silent film directed by the father of Indian Cinema Dadasaheb Phalke.
2. Alam Ara- The first talkie of Indian cinema by Ardeshir Irani from which began the golden days of Indian cinema and the days of prosperity.
3. Andaz- This Mehboob Khan’s movie is one of the most remembered love triangles. The famous dialogue that is still remembered is “Foreign flowers cannot flourish on Indian soil”.
4. Pyasa- Guru Dutt’s Pyasa is a melodramatic extraordinary movie that draws on all features of a high aesthetic movie. The photography, music, shooting everything set a benchmark for movie-makers.
5. Awara- This all time favourite movie of Raj Kapoor is the one absolutely not to be missed. It was from this movie Raj Kapoor got the title of “the little tramp” referencing to Charlie Chaplin which could further be seen in movies like 'Shree 420' too.
6. Mother India- Mehboob with the star cast of Nargis and Sunil Dutt creates a melodrama of a poverty stricken lady raising her children. This movie raises all bars of respect for women and motherhood.
7. Mughal- e Azam- This epic movie can never be forgotten. K Asif just set a standard to the highest budget movie then. The beauty of Madhubala and the grace and poise of Prithvi Raj Kapoor just takes it away. It took more than 10 years to complete this movie and is redolent of the 50’s that saw popular romances filmed in attractive destinations.
8. Guide- Dev Anand's mesmerizing acting, Wahida Rehman's beauty and Vijay Anand's direction just takes it all away in this movie. The movie epitomizes love in all forms but with a tragic end.
9. Mera Naam Joker- The irony of a joker is he makes everyone laugh without anyone being able to see his sorrow. Raj Kapoor's moving performance made this movie count in the history of Indian Cinema.
10. Padosan-“ Ek chatur naar badhi hoshiyar”, who can ever forget the hilarious song and the video. This movie just couldn’t have been better. The confluence of Kishor Kumar's voice, Jyoti Swaroop's direction, the starcast of Sunil Dutt, Saira Banu, Mehmood and Kishore Kumar made the movie woo the nation. Truly.
11. Anand- The unforgettable tale of a man who wishes to live to the fullest till death comes in is the plot of the film. The trio of Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Rajesh Khanna and Amitabh Bachchan is what makes this movie eternal.
12. Pakeezah- This classic set standards of music and dance in Indian Cinema. Direction of Kamal Amrohi and music of Ghulam Mohammed and Naushad Ali tells the story of a courtesan played by Meena Kumari.
13. Sholay- The never dying dialogues like “Kitne aadmi the?”, “Basanti in kutto ke samne mat naachna” and “Ye haath mujhe de de thakur” have kept the movie's relevance alive till date such that even a 9 year old of this generation knows about 'Sholay'. The cult classic by Ramesh Sippy with the epic cast made it the all time favourite.
14. The Chess Players- This list would be incomplete if we missed out the magician Satyajit Ray. The standards he set were almost unattainable. The scenic and historic theme of the movie and the classic cinematography of Ray is worth a thousand Oscars.
15. Don- “Don ko pakadna mushkil hi nahi namumkin hai”, this movie made criminals look classic and Amitabh Bachchan as the Don was the cherry on the cake. Ever since, villains have been heroes.
16. Gol Maal- The funny freaky tale of a college graduate who finds a job with a fussy man is the hilarious tale of this movie. This directorial stint of Hrishikesh Mukherjee along with Amol Palekar and Deven Verma brought about a hilarious piece of cinema to the viewers. One that has lived through the years.
17. Umrao Jaan- Directed by Muzaffar Ali, this movie is a marathon movie. Rekha gracefully plays the role of a brothel girl who learns to captivate men. This striking feature film couldn’t have been all without the sinful beauty of Rekha.
These were the classic movies of Indian cinema that helped Indian cinema complete glorious 100 years. Many other movies like Masoom, Rudali, Amar Akbar Anthony, Aradhna, Agneepath, Angoor, Satte Pe Satta, Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jaenge and many more have given glittering golden days to Indian cinema.